Connecting Sociology and YOU!

Chapter 1: Introduction – Understanding Sociology

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– Sociological theory: a set of interrelated ideas that provide a systematic understanding of the social world.

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– Macro Sociology: a level of analysis focusing on social systems and populations on a large scale.

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– Micro Sociology: a level of analysis focusing on individuals and small groups within the larger social system.

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– Proletariat: the majority who were the poor property less industrial working class

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– Bourgeois: the small minority who were the wealthy class

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-Conflict Theory: a sociological perspective emphasizing the role of political and economic power and oppression as contributing to the existing social order.

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– Functionalist Theory: a macro view of how the parts of society serve to maintain stability.

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– Manifest Functions: intentional and formally sanctioned functions of social institutions and society.

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– Latent Functions: unintentional and informally sanctioned functions of social institutions and society

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– Dysfunction: The undesirable disruptions of social patterns resulting in negative consequences within society.

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Socialized Self: The self cannot develop apart from society

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Symbolic Interaction: a micro view of how society is the product of interaction between people, which occurs via symbols that have distinct meanings.