Connecting Sociology and YOU!

Chapter 1: Introduction – Understanding Sociology

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Proletariat( majority were poor)

Bourgeois (small majority wealthy)

Dysfunction the undesirable disruptopms for social patterns and reulting negative consequemces with in society

symboliv interation theory is a microperspective

why do peoplpe act the way they do why do they commit crimes or do badf things 

social facts- social patterns that are external to indiviuals and greatly infulence out way of thinking and behaving in society.( values of norms rules and structure) functionalisdt are not trying to justify low wages but merely pointing out hoe the working poor are essential for the economy to operate smoothly for the benifit of society

verstehen an empathetic approach to understanding human behavior , loosly translated as understanding or interpretation . In odrer to study peopl ewithin society the researcher must observe social actions to underestanf and explainn the meaning that indivuals attribute to their social interactions

weber believed that the reashercher should use a first person point of view

you have to be in theri shoes and take into account the meanings they attribute to their actions and environment THIS IS MICRO LEVEL

The interpretive approach is helpful at the MACRO level as the researcher projects herself into the situations being investigated

In particular, social problemsthe societal conditions that harm segments of society, become less about personal feelings and more about measurable, evidence-based reality. Sociology can help you understand social problems 

  • measuring objective conditions — the scope of a problem
  • measuring subjective concerns — people’s feelings about a problem (C-19)
  • evaluating the context within which the problem exists
  • identifying potential policy solutions to the problem human traffickinga situation in which a person is smuggled, abused, and forced to work against their will for the economic gain of another
  • Fair Tradean organizational movement and certification process to help producers in developing countries receive a fair price for their products with the goals of reducing poverty, providing for the ethical treatment of workers and farmers, and promoting environmentally sustainable practices. Cocoa and the chocolate industry provide an excellent case study for sustainabilitythe idea that current and future generations should have equal or greater access to social, economic, and environmentalresources because the farms and cooperations involved seek greater equity in the international trade by elimination the intermediate broker or middle man .
  •  sustainable developmentdevelopment that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs, by offering more social resources for the marginalized growers and producers. This allows the Fair Trade sellers to sell directly and at higher prices to you, the end user. 
  • anomie is the breakdown of the individual and community
  • applied sociologythe use of sociological theory, research, and methodologies to find solutions to problems in society. Careers that fall under the heading of applied sociology include, but are not limited to:

    • Criminology and law enforcement
    • Marriage and family counseling
    • Business and workplace relations
    • Public health services
    • Federal and state agencies
    • Sales and marketing
    • Advocacy and community organization
    • Market research
    • Public policy              rationalization of societythe replacement of traditional values and personal connections with bureaucracy, efficiency, and a means-end approach. The family is a social structure.