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Chapter 1: Introduction – Understanding Sociology

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Social structures are the distinctive and stable arrangments of social patterns that form the society as a whole.

Harriet Martineau was the first female sociologist and looked at gender, racial, and class tensions

Jane Adams wrote Hull House and was important in the battle for women\\\’s suffrage in the U.S.

W. E. B. Du Bois developed the NAACP and looked at racism and discrimination

Robert Merton looked at Beaurocracy and Red Tape. Red Tape is adherence to excessive regulation and conformity that prevents change and decision-making. 


Social Problems are societal conditions that harm segments of society. 

To be a social problem, it has to be considered a pattern of behavior, a large number of people have to be affected, and people believe that it has to be changed. 

Objective conditions are the scope of the problem, and subjective conditions are people\\\’s feelings about the problem.

Sociological Imagination is the means of understanding the relationship between our personal troubles and the public issues of society

Anomie is the breakdown of individual and community social bonds. 

Applied Sociology is the use of sociology to understand the changing world around us.