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Chapter 1: Introduction – Understanding Sociology

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Notes:

sociology – scientific study of social relationships institutions and societies 

social institutions- structures in society providing the framework for governing the behavior of individuals in a community or society such as a family education religion economy and gov 

society- large group of people associated with a shared culture and social institutions 

socialogical perspectives- process of understanding and explaining how individuals interact with society 

social structures- the distinctive and stable arrangements of social patterns that form the society as a whole 

social problems- societal conditions that harm segments of society 

sociological imagination – the ability to see the details of our own lives in the context of larger structures as opposed to. merely personal choice 

social change- the forces that change the society organization and social structures 

postivitism – authentic and valid knowledge of the social world is found only through scientific and empirical pursuit 

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Sociological Theory: a seat of interrelated ideas that provide a systematic understanding of the social world

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Macro sociology: a level of analysis focusing on individuals and small groups within the larger social system 

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Proletariat: the majority, who were poor, property less industrial working class and the land and business owners referred to as the bourgeois 

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Bourgeois: the small minority who were the wealthy class 

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Conflict Theory: a sociological perspective emphasizing the role of political and economic power and oppperessopm as contributing to the existing social theory 

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Functionalist theory: a macro view of how the parts of society serve to maintain stability 

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Manifest functions: intentional and formally sanctioned functions of social institutions and society

functionalist theory- a macro view of how the parts of society serve to maintain stability 

manifest functions- intentional and formally sanctioned 

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Latent functions: unintentional and informally sanctioned functions of social institutions and society 

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Dysfunction: undesirable disruptions of social patterms resulting in negative consequences within society 

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symbolic interaction- a micro view of how society is the product of interactions between people which occur via symbols that have distinct meanings (Lab coat / white coat) 

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anomie and the lack of social direction experienced by members of the society