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Chapter 2: Sociological Inquiry

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Steps of scientific method:

1. define the question or problem

2. review the literature (peer review)

3. develop hypotheses

4. choose a research design and methods

5. collect the data

6. analyze the data

7. develop conclusions

8. report results and pose new questions


qualitative methods:

indpth interviews- a:ability to explore different angles and levels, d: focuses on individuals and transcribing fieldnotes can be time consuming

partipant observation- a: unrestricted access to observe social behavior, d: difficlut to document details and can be potentially unethical

focus groups- a: ease of implentation and quick results, d: groupthink can occur and moderators can skew results

content analysis- a: does not involve human subjects and cost-effective, d: researchers must \\\”read between the lines\\\”

time diary method: a research method in which subjects track their actions at various points in time over several days

hawthorne effect: tendency of people to change their behavior when they know they are being watched

ethics: principles of conduct about how you are supposed to behave in a given situation