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Chapter 2: Sociological Inquiry

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  • dependent variable
    • a factor that is changed by another variable
  • anonymity
    • concealing the identities of participants within the research project
  • informed consent
    • a signed statement by participants indicating full knowledge of the risks involved and acknowledgment of the procedures to willingly withdraw from the study at any time
  • independent variable
    • a factor that causes a change in another variable
  • representative sample
    • a subset of the population whose characteristics accurately reflect those of the larger population from which it is drawn
  • confidentiality
    • guarding who has the right of access to the data provided by the participants
  • peer review
    • a process by which research is evaluated by a group of experts in the specific subject area