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Chapter 2: Sociological Inquiry

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2.1.1- Aguste Comte- developed the concept of sociology based on the methods used in the physical sciences. 

2.1.2- Validity- what it claims to measure

reliability- the extent to which a study yields the same result in repeated studies

IRB- a committee that reviews research proposals to protect the rights and welfare of human participants in research

2.2.1- Secondary analysis- the use of data previously collected for other purposes. 

longitudinal design- the repeated observation of the same subjects over a duration of time.

participation observation- a method in which the researcher takes part in the social phenomenon being studied

ethnography- a descriptive account of social life and culture in a particular social system derived from the researcher being embedded over time within a group, organization, or community

2.3.1- Snowball sampling- a process in which people in the group being studied introduce the researcher to other people to study. 

2.3.2- Hawthorne effect- the tendency of people to change their behavior when they know they are being watched. 

Ethics- principles of conduct about how you are supposed to behave in a given situation 

Code of ethics- a set of guidelines of appropriate behavior established by an organization for its members to follow

2.4.2- Verstehen- an empathetic approach to understanding human behavior

2.5.1- Anna Julia Cooper- a prominent African-American author and educator. She wrote A voice from the South

Beatrice Potter Webb- an English sociologist, she was a researcher and taught sociology

Sophonisba Breckinridge- the first woman admitted to the Kentucky bar association. Worked at the Hull-House project. Co-founded the University of Chicago\\\\\\\’s school of social service administration

Marianne Weber- an important figure in the German feminist movement. authored nine sociology and social analysis books and was the first woman elected to the German parliament