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Chapter 4: Socialization

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Socializations: The process by which individuals learn the appropriate attitudes and behaviors within a culture.

Self: An individuals nature and identity resulting from reflections on social interactions.

I: The unsocialized or acting self, made up of personal desires and needs.

Me: The social self, made up of the internalized attitudes of others.

Preparatory stage: Imitation of others, and infant merely imitates surrounding people.

Play stage: Pretending to be other people, incorporates role-playing.

Significant others: individuals who are important to the development of self.

Game stage: Taking the role of multiple people at one time.

Looking-glass self: The process of imagining the reaction of others toward oneself.

Agents of socialization: individuals, groups, and institutions that influence the attitudes and behaviors of members of society.

Social learning theory: The process of learning from one another in a social context as a result of observation and imitation.

Peer groups: Social groups consisting of members with similar interest, social rank, and ages. 

High-status youth: Those who are viewed as being popular among peers.

hidden curriculum: The Unintentional education of students in the ideals and ways of being in society.

Feral children: Children who are isolated and neglected such that they are raised without socialization.

Total institution: An Isolated group with strict rules and regulations whose goal is to control every aspect of its memberslives.

Resocialization: An identity transformation in which social norms and roles are altered or replaced.

Degradation ceremony: An event, ceremony, or rite of passage used to break down people and make them more accepting of a total institution.

Anticipatory socialization: the process of learning different behaviors or activities in an effort to aspire to group membership.

Rite of passage: A ceremony or ritual used to mark a change in age or social status, and the start of their military career.

Dramaturgy: The theory that we are all actors on the stage of life, and as such, we divide our world based on what we do and do not let the others see of us.

Front stage: A person\\\\\\\’s public life that they reveal to the world.

Back stage: A person\\\\\\\’s private world that they choose not to reveal.

Impression management: An effort to control the impression others have of us.

Distance zones: The amount of space we are socialized to feel comfortable having between ourselves and others.

Life course perspective: Refers to a series of social changes that a person experiences over the course of their lifetime.